Root vegetables

Root Vegetables (Beetroot).

 

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Page 1
Beetroot
The traditional kitchen gardeners were judged on the richness of their winter reserves. So it was hardly surprising that the easy to store beetroot, carrots and turnips were, and still are, the main stays of the kitchen garden.

The winter-hardy beetroot

  • Round or long?: The two main varieties of beetroot are the globe and the long-rooted.
  • The globe beetroot:  The familiar  round beetroot  is less prone to bolting than  other varieties and can be sown several weeks earlier,  to provide  roots  from June.  'Avon early', 'Boltardy' and 'Early Bunch' are recommended. For later sowings to provide roots  for autumn  and early winter use, sow the small-rooted, quick-growing 'Little  Ball'.
  • The long-rooted types:  This  variety  is still frequently  used for a main crop that is allowed  to mature in the ground  before being  harvested  and stored in early winter. 'Cheltenham  Green Top' is a good variety. 'Cylindra' is another long-rooted variety which is easy to prepare for cooking.
  • Traditional cultivation: Beetroots thrive on light soil, but will grow successfully  on most fertile, well-cultivated vegetable patches.  Sow seed thinly in rows 30cm apart. Lightly cover with soil and water in well. Thin out as seedlings develop to a spacing  of 15cm between  plants.  
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  • A harvest you can leave in the ground:  Beetroot is grown for harvest any time from June into early winter, depending on the variety. As soon as they are large enough to cook, you can pull early globes whenever you need them.
 
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Main crops for winter use can be left in the ground until required  if they are covered  with straw  or bracken to protect them from frost. Alternatively, lift them in November and store in boxes of sand in a frost-proof shed, or outdoors in a clamp.  Cut the tops off the roots  for storing, being  careful  not to cut too close to the crown or the root will bleed.
  • A visual feast: If you like decorative dishes and a touch  of originality, grow yellow beetroot,  such as 'Golden', or even two-tone beetroot with concentric  circles  of red and white, such as 'Pink Chioggia'. You'll be able to buy the seeds from most good vegetable seed catalogues.
 
Growing Beetroots
 

Spring
Summer
Autumn
Winter
Beetroot 'Boltardy'
Fine flavoured, early variety which  lives up to its name
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Beetroot 'Forono'
Unusual long variety. Best eaten when young and tender.
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Beetroot 'red ace F'
Deep red flesh and fine flavour. Stands well.
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Beetroot 'Golden'
unusual variety with yellow flesh and edible leaves. Tender and mild.
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Growing Beetroots
 
Soil
soil for aubergines
 Prefers well drained, fertile, light soil not recently manured. Ideal pH 6,5-7,5.
Pests & diseases
aubergine diseases
Beetroot  is relatively free from most pests  and diseases  and so is very easy  to grow.
 
Feeding
Feeding your  aubergines
There  are no specific  feeding requirements  for  beetroot.
 
Site
site for aubergines
Although tolerant in most sites beetroot prefers a sunny postion.
 
 
General
care
General-aubergine-care
 Hoe regularly  to keep the weeds  down and mulch to retain  the  moisture  in the ground.
 
Watering
 
watering your aubergines
Only water in very hot dry conditions to prevent the soil from drying out altogether.
 

Beetroots
 
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When to Plant your Beetroots.
 
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When to Harvest your Beetroots.
 

 
Did you Know
Beetroot seed produce several plants. This is because the beetroot seed is in fact, a 'multigerm': a ball like
cluster of seeds that all germinate in the  same place.
Beetroot being thinned out
Gardeners must thin out the young plants. Today there are single seed varieties. Try 'Modena' and 'Mona Lisa'

 

 
Mini Index
Asparagus
Artichokes
Beetroot
Carrots
Radishes
Salsify
Scorzonera
Horse Radish
Turnips
Swedes
Parsnips
Kohl Rabi
Celeriac

 
 
Beetroot
 
 
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