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   Page 33
Foliage plants for  your Garden. 

Foliage Plants and elegant arching grasses for your garden.


Cortaderia selloana 'Pumila'- Dwarf Pampas Grass
             During late summer and early autumn, the large, long lasting plumes of creamy white spikelets appear above the mound of narrow, sharply toothed evergreen leaves.

Quick growth:
 If you have cool  soil, fill out your borders quickly by planting miscanthus. This  is a fashionable grass, particularly  the variety  that has striped foliage  (Miscanthus sinensis  'Zebrinus'),  and it forms  tall ornamental  clumps. Use it as a focal point  or as an attractive  windbreak at the back of a border.
 
Distinctive  ground  cover:
 Plant ophiopogon  at the base of your perennials and shrubs planted in planters  for an attractive  way of concealing the edges  of the planters.  Ophiopogon planiscapus 'Nigrescens',  an unusual-looking  plant with narrow black  leaves  that form dense  waves across the ground,  retains its intensity  all year round. It looks  like a dwarf grass at only 15-25cm  tall, but it is in fact a member of the lily family, and you can use it anywhere, even in small planters.
Grasses to stabilise slopes:  Choose  aquatic grass (Glyceria  maxima)  for the edges  of a pond  or river. It stabilises  sloping ground  and tolerates its roots being submerged  in 20cm of water.  This  hardy  plant grows to a height of 80cm and spreads rapidly by rhizomes.
Evergreen Perennials.

 
Phyllostachys viridiglaucescens
 
 
  Phyllostachys viridiglaucescens
Bamboo
This vigorous bamboo has bold clumps of arching green canes carrying lush, shiny green foliage. It may grow extremely tall in warm, sheltered conditions.

 
Polystichum setiferum ’ Divisilobum’ Bamboo
 
 
 
 
Polystichum setiferum
 ' Divisilobum'
Soft Shield Fern
A lovely evergreen or, in severe winters, semi-evergreen fern forming dense clumps of finely divided, rich green fronds, pale and scaly when young. Dislikes dry soils.   

 
Shibataea kumasasa Bamboo
 
 
 
Shibataea kumasasa
Bamboo
Particularly suited to small gardens, this bamboo forms compact clumps of upright, slender canes that are all densely crowded with relatively broad pointed leaves.

Grasses for wet soils:  Most varieties of evergreen  carex, molinia  (Molinia  caerulea),  and graceful tussock grass (Deschampsia  cespitosa)  form dense  clumps that eventually cover heavy, wet or boggy soils.
Giant-or-Golden-Oat
Places where  nothing will grow:  Hakonechloa  macra, one of the most ornamental  members  of the Gramineae  family, is a good choice  for shady  town gardens  and areas  under trees, since it forms  a dense  carpet of variegated leaves. The deciduous foliage of luzula, part of the rush family, does wonders  at the foot of trees where nothing else will thrive. Luzula nivea produces frothy  white heads in midsummer.
 
Exotic windbreaks:  Medium and large bamboos form excellent windbreaks,  whether  you plant groves,  isolated clumps or hedges. Create  a noise-reducing screen by planting two rows  of species whose slender  stems are completely covered  in leaves, such as Phyllostachys flexuosa and P. nigra.
 
Natural wonders:  Dwarf  bamboo  species  cover slopes, stabilise loose  soil and tolerate  areas  where grass  would require too much attention. Clip the smallest  varieties, such as Pleioblastus pygmaeus  var. distichus, twice a year. Leave the others  to grow thicker unaided. Their irrepressible vigour makes them ideal for inaccessible  areas.
Sasa veitchii Bamboo
Elegant  screens:  For a balcony or patio, choose frost-hardy bamboo  varieties that will not exceed three  metres  high. Species with moderately  vigorous  rhizomes are also suitable if planted  in sturdy planters made  of wood, brick or concrete. Their rhizomes are so strong that they can split  plastic planters.

 

Limiting the spread of Bamboo.

                  Some of the larger varieties  of bamboo are very  invasive  and should  be avoided  completely in smaller  gardens. Others, such as the smaller Fargesia species,  will do well in planters.
 

 
Install  a rhizome barrier

 
 
1.   Install  a rhizome barrier  by digging a hole  about 50cm deep and three  times as wide as the plant's rootball.
 

 
Line the  sides with a plastic barrier

 
2.   Line the  sides with a plastic barrier,  leaving  the  top to rise 10cm above  the soil and the bottom open  for drainage.
 

 
Position the bamboo

 
3.  Position the bamboo  in the hole on top of a layer of soil  enriched  with compost. Trim the barrier  to soil level.
 

 
Backfill  with the removed soil and  firm well

 
4.  Backfill  with the removed soil and  firm well.  Water liberally. This method  works for all rhizomous  plants.
 

 
 
Mini Index
 Skips pages. Gets you to a general area.
Garden Bulbs.
Lillies& Alliums.
Flowers until Frost.
Annuals For Summer.
Borders Full of Colour.
 Collecting Seeds.
Perennials.
Foliage Plants.
Pests.
 
Plants growing up a fence
 
Grand Garden Obelisk
 
Plants growing up a fence
 
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